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NJ Workers: Know Your Rights

All New Jersey workers – including members of immigrant and refugee communities – have protections under the NJ Paid Family and Medical Leave law as well as the Earned Sick Leave law. (

Let’s dive deeper.

NJ Paid Family and Medical Leave is a policy that supports our health and the health of our families while advancing economic security, productivity at work, and gender equality. This means that by this policy, you're covered when you're ill, injured, pregnant, recovering from childbirth, bonding with a new child, caring for a loved one, and coping with domestic or sexual violence. NJ Paid Family and Medical Leave is made up of NJ Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) and NJ Family Leave Insurance (FLI).

Earned Sick Leave is the law in New Jersey requiring employers of all sizes to provide full-time, part-time, and temporary employees with up to 40 hours of earned sick leave per year so they can care for themselves or a loved one, and many COVID-19 situations are covered. For short term leave, most employees are eligible for NJ Earned Sick Leave.

So what's the difference between the two? The key differences between NJ Earned Sick Leave and Paid Family and Medical Leave are (1) how the benefits are paid, (2) the benefit amount; and (3) the documentation required. Here are the specifics:

  • How benefits are paid

    • Benefits for Earned Sick Leave are paid by the employer

    • Benefits for TDI/FLI are paid by the state of NJ

  • Benefit amount

    • Through Earned Sick Leave, workers receive their normal rate of pay

    • Through TDI/FLI, workers receive 85% of their average weekly wage; up to $993 per week

  • Documentation requirements

    • For Earned Sick Leave, employers can require documentation if leave is taken 3 or more days in a row

    • For TDI/FLI, the state of NJ will request documentation

New Jersey is one of few states that has a Paid Family and Medical Leave policy – the US is the only advanced economy without a national paid family and medical leave policy.

Through NJ Paid Family and Medical Leave, you're covered for:

  • Illness (physical or mental) or injury

  • Pregnancy and childbirth recovery

  • Bonding with a new child

  • Caring for a loved one

  • Coping with domestic or sexual violence

Your employer must be covered. Employers must participate or provide employees coverage through a private insurance plan. However, the federal government is exempt, and Temporary Disability is optional for local governments, for example, counties, municipalities, and school districts. Generally, employees working substantially outside of NJ are not covered.

What is required for a claim to be filed and approved?

NJ workers must:

  • Have a valid SSN

  • Work for a covered employer

  • Have worked 20 weeks total earning at least $240 weekly or have earned a combined total of $12,000 in the base year in 2022

The benefits you can receive are:

  • 85% of average weekly wage with a maximum of $993 per week in 2022​

  • For Temporary Disability Insurance: up to 26 weeks of benefits, as certified by a medical professional​

  • For Family Leave Insurance: up to 12 weeks of benefits if taken consecutively, 56 days of benefits if taken intermittently

You can also transition between unemployment and temporary disability/family leave, if qualified.

**Temporary Disability and Family Leave Insurance are partial wage replacement programs and they do not provide job protection. However during the period in which an employee receives TDI or FLI benefits, an employee's job may be protected under the following laws: Federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and New Jersey Family Leave Act (NJFLA).

To learn more, visit Earned Sick Leave Law For short term leave, most employees are eligible for NJ Earned Sick Leave. You're covered under NJ's Earned Sick Leave for the following reasons:

  • For physical/mental illness or wellness care

  • To get the COVID-19 vaccine and/or recover from side effects

  • To cope with domestic or sexual violence

  • To attend a meeting at your child’s school

Employees accrue 1 hour of earned sick leave for every 30 hours worked, up to a maximum of 40 hours of leave per benefit year. You may carry over up to 40 hours of unused earned sick leave or be paid for unused sick leave at the end of the benefit year. Employers can only require documentation if leave is taken 3 or more days in a row, but advanced noticed is required if the need for leave is foreseeable.

Some permitted uses of NJ Earned Sick Leave overlap with Temporary Disability and Family Leave Insurance.

You can use either Earned Sick Leave or Temporary Disability Insurance for your own medical condition, and you can also use either Earned Sick Leave or Family Leave Insurance to care for a loved one.

To learn more, go to

**All of the information above is attributed to the New Jersey Department of Labor**


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